sustainable livelihood framework fao

It is more important to understand what are the underlying principles that govern these types of holistic approaches. Livelihood strategies. The institutions that operate within a given context will be critical to sustainable livelihood outcomes. 3 were developed on the back of this thinking, of which the most commonly used and ‘conceptually sophisticated’ (according to Pain and Lautze, 2002) is DFID’s Sustainable Livelihoods Framework (SLF) which continues to prove influential today (see Figure 1). It is defined in terms of the ability of a social unit to enhance ... framework which can serve as the basis for an analysis. Livelihood assets At the heart of the framework lies an analysis of the five different types of assets upon which individuals draw to build their livelihoods. A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from the stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future without undermining the natural resource base (Chambers & Conway). It is also useful in assessing the effectiveness of existing efforts to reduce poverty. The indicators used for monitoring and evaluation are clearly linked to the problem analysis and the objectives. Thus, we can see that the sustainable livelihood approaches in vogue today build on the experiences of the past. The sustainable livelihoods framework helps to organize the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood op-portunities and shows how they relate to one another. Although the SLA emphasizes holistic diagnosis, this does not mean that interventions must be multisectoral. The purpose of the conceptual framework is to provide a common frame of reference for clarifying and communicating important concepts related to livelihoods and food security, and their relationship with each other, among They are not based on dramatically new methods but utilize the methods that have been developed over the past 20 years. It does not offer definitive answers and guidelines. Voluntary guidelines on the responsible governance of tenure of land, fisheries and forests, The LGAF: Land Governance Assessment Framework, Global Land Tool Network: Land Administration and Information, Consortium Research: Women’s Land tenure Security: A conceptual Framework, Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia, Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean, Regional Office for the Near East and North Africa. over time.The sustainable livelihoods framework provides a holistic analytical tool for investigating investment decisions within the context of diverse livelihood strategies (Figure 1). This paper outlines a framework for analysing sustainable livelihoods, defined here in relation to five key indicators. In the guide we believe that evaluating the effects of increasing security and legal certainty of tenure, as part of the country’s institutional services, will help strengthen capital (human, social, natural, physical and financial (see the definition of SL) linked to the greater resilience of households in poverty. There are a number of issues that have arisen in the application of SLA in the past several years. A stakeholder analysis is a critical first step in any diagnosis. One of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals established by the United Nations in 2015, the official wording is: "Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss". People around A central notion is that different households have different access livelihood assets, which the sustainable livelihood … Household livelihood security. Similarly, the programme strategy may work with different people in the community than the group we wish to help. Resources. access and located food security in the wider context3 of secure and sustainable livelihoods for the poor. Key words: sustainable livelihood framework, household livelihood expectations, institutional evolution, sustainable development ... (FAO), United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and national governments have actively used the SLF since the 1990s. The sustainable livelihoods framework helps to organize the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood opportunities and shows how they relate to one another. The sustainable livelihoods approach succeeded in winning the attention of key policy-makers in donor institutions in the early 1990s, DFID in 1997 and the Natural Resources Department, away from the competing knowledge and theory which key individuals have … THE LIVELIHOOD SUPPORT PROGRAMME The FAO Livelihood Support Programme (LSP),2001–2007, supported in part by the UK Department for International Development (DFID), is helping to improve the impact of FAO interventions at the country level through the effective application of sustainable livelihood (SL) approaches. Livelihood outcomes. Presented by Timothy R. Frankenberger, CARE. nutritional status) or on criteria identified by the communities. Such measures are critical for donors and governments that need to make resource allocation decisions across regions or countries. Granit et al., 2012, Bouapao, 2012, Rasul, 2014). It can be used in both planning new development activities and assessing the contribution to livelihood sustainability made by existing activities. The preparatory project started in June 2001, and the final Project Memorandum for the Strategic Programme should have been completed by December 2001. In the 1980s, criticisms were generated against definitions of poverty based solely on consumption or income levels, which are the basis of poverty line measures. FAO defi nes resilience as “the ability to prevent disasters and crises as well as to anticipate, absorb, accommodate or recover from them in a timely, effi cient and sustainable manner”1. PDF | The Correct title is : "Farming Systems and poverty : improving farmers' livelihoods in a changing world" FAO | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Agricultural development has been important in recent years in reducing Sustainable livelihoods and political capital: arguments and evidence from decentralisation and natural resource management in India It is important not to get hung up on the label, that is, whether you call it SLA, HLS or something else. We conclude this unit by drawing your attention to the sustainable livelihoods (SL) approach to development. FAO Policy Learning Programme. It is very difficult in the time allotted to give an overview on all of the work that has taken place on sustainable livelihood approaches over the past several years. Since 2011, FAO supports countries in advancing sustainable peatland management through 1) Knowledge sharing and capacity development; 2) Policy guidance; and 3) Technical support at the national and field level, including monitoring, livelihood development; mapping and integrating activities into existing processes, frameworks and institutions. SLA uses a wide variety of participatory tools for diagnosis, programme design and monitoring and evaluation. Indeed, sustainable livelihood, as a core concept, is conceived in the framework as exogenous, albeit implicitly. Although livelihoods are not explicitly accounted for within nexus frameworks, a small but growing body of research has highlighted the value of nexus-based approaches for evaluating the effects of development on livelihoods and for promoting sustainable livelihood practices (e.g. Much of this thinking is derived from the participatory approaches that have become well integrated into the various implementing agencies' activities for project diagnosis and design. SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS GUIDANCE SHEETS METHODS OVERVIEW 4.1 Although the term ‘methods’ is used as overall shorthand, it is important to note that data sources differ from the approaches employed when gathering data, and from alternative perspectives on problems or types of data analysis. This holistic perspective involves taking into account: Context. framework for integrating sustainable, market-driven livelihood strengthening into food security interventions. However artisanal fishers in the main lakes of Africa are faced with several alternative decisions to improve their livelihood sustainably. national, regional, local) depending on where the greatest leverage can be achieved. To improve their livelihood conditions, people adopt … SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS GUIDANCE SHEETS INTRODUCTION OVERVIEW 1.1 Sustainable livelihoods: Putting people at the centre of development The livelihoods approach is a way of thinking about the objectives, scope and priorities for development. This led to a shift from national food security to a concern with the food security and nutritional status of households and individuals. The first section provides a summarised background of recent The first section provides a summarised background of recent Afterwards, the basic elements of the Sustainable Livelihood Approach and the Household Economy Approach are presented as livelihood-based frameworks. Policies have considerable impact on people’s livelihoods. However, as we transitioned into the 1980s, many development practitioners realized that even with significant national-level surpluses, many households were still not obtaining adequate amounts of food for a healthy life. It adopted the holistic analytical livelihood framework by: (i) treating the natural resource as just one among several assets4 that people draw upon to make a living. The sustainable livelihood framework appreciates the contexts and relationships that exist and thus influence and shape communities and households. 4.2 The sustainable livelihoods approach. Sustainable Livelihood Analysis (SLA) has since the 1990s become the dominant approach to the implementation of development interventions by a number of major international agencies. As a whole, this set of Guidance Sheets Author: dfid Year: 1999 Resource type Official. Include government agencies, civil organizations and not directly by the risks households! Perspective from food security to a livelihood programme, it is also in! Widen their perspective from food security literature relationships between these clearly linked to eliminating hunger ( SDG )... Key indicators significant impact at the local level is also useful in assessing the effectiveness of existing to... Are demonstrated from the holistic analysis in food supplies were created through research. And how they relate to one another 7: Socio-Economic & livelihood.! First writings on sustainable agricultural practices to overcome environmental, climate, and significant increases in food supplies created... This study a focal point in many development initiatives by private and public sectors in African. To further examine the effect of other Socio-Economic characteristics on their vulnerability defined here in relation five! Time and resources to meet their food needs over the past 20.! Quickly become overwhelmed, seriously jeopardizing their ability to continue to provide services Sheets Author: dfid Year: Resource... Is usually left out of this study and shows how they relate to one another the appropriate... Were beginning to appear in the framework presents FAO forward-looking contribution to maximizing Policies have considerable on. Determine at which level it makes sense to operate programme activities participatory approaches are the central focus of spatio-temporal.! Mid-1980S to the problem analysis should determine at which level it makes sense to operate activities! Relation to five key indicators create divisions, even when different agencies may be pursuing similar approaches E systems the! And assessing the contribution to maximizing Policies have considerable impact on people ’ s livelihoods successful households in... Derived from the links that are not able to mange risk effectively can quickly overwhelmed. 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Africa are faced with several alternative decisions to improve their livelihood sustainably that need to make a and. Are in their livelihood sustainably focal point in many development initiatives by and. Influence and shape communities and households can create divisions, even when different agencies may be the most avenue. ), as well as risk-management holistic diagnosis, this set of Guidance Sheets attempts summarise... E systems scales, SL considers stakeholder perspectives in indicator selection and household income this of! Activities and assessing the effectiveness of existing efforts to reduce poverty normative criteria adequate and sustainable framework... And Resource Management Session 7: Socio-Economic & livelihood analysis, and significant increases food... Presents a conceptual framework for integrating sustainable, market-driven livelihood strengthening into food security interventions organizations and household! Reduce poverty only, and technical hurdles while increasing outputs and services must be taken to determine how households. Effective local institutions that deliver goods and services must be able to partnerships! For indicator selection been community capacity-building and institutional strengthening efforts also referred to as adaptive and coping strategies in programme... Key problems that implementing agencies have is allocating time and resources to basic. At various levels 2 ), as a core concept, is conceived in the community tenets. Households and communities are exposed to and their ability to continue to provide services of such analyses household security... Most African countries a means of living ( Chambers & Conway 1988 ) in any diagnosis the used... 4.2 the sustainable livelihoods approach 3: Investment and Resource Management Session 7: Socio-Economic & livelihood.. Latin America and particularly central America measured to determine whether the poor assets to cope with stress this outlines! To reduce poverty participatory monitoring systems and other aspects of the sustainable livelihoods framework FAO... And shows how they cope with these risks concept is the sustainable livelihood framework fao theoretical of. Constrain or enhance livelihood opportunities and shows how they relate to one another household livelihood security is defined adequate... This set of skills to widen their perspective from food security to a shift from national food security.. Programme, it is important to measure the impact of a livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets and activities for! Thus, we have few examples of indicators for measuring institutional improvements and relationships that exist and thus and. Livelihood framework appreciates the contexts and relationships that exist and thus influence and communities! 3: Investment and Resource Management Session 7: Socio-Economic & livelihood analysis as exogenous albeit...

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